EB-5 Regional Center Audit to Ensure Compliance and Transparency

The United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) declared on March 20, 2017, its intention to initiate audits for EB-5 regional center compliance. This article will delve into the guidelines for these audits and explore their potential implications moving forward.

last updated Monday, March 4, 2024
#EB-5 Regional Center Audits #EB-5 Audits

John Burson     Subscribe


Key Takeaways:

  1. EB-5 Reform and Integrity Act (RIA)
    The RIA, enacted in 2022, introduced significant changes to the EB-5 program, emphasizing reporting, compliance, and transparency. It established the EB 5 Integrity Fund to facilitate more frequent regional center and project audits.
  2. Background on USCIS Audits
    While USCIS's in-person audits of regional centers and projects are not new, formal compliance reviews began in 2018. The RIA enhances these efforts, aiming for greater program integrity.
  3. Compliance Audit Objectives
    USCIS conducts regional center Compliance in EB-5 audits to enhance EB-5 integrity and verify application information. The audits aim to ensure compliance with laws and authorities for continued eligibility.
  4. Audit Team Tasks
    The EB-5 program audit process & audit team perform various tasks, including reviewing applications, certifications, and records, conducting site inspections, analyzing documents, and interviewing personnel to confirm information.
  5. Preparing for Audits
    Regional centers are advised to be prepared to submit original and updated information initially provided with applications or certifications. They should promptly provide requested documents during inspections and respond to any follow-up communications.
  6. Post-Audit Procedures
    After completing an audit, the team compiles a report assessing the regional center's compliance with laws. If fraud indicators are detected, further investigation may be warranted. Non-participation in audits may lead to follow-up inquiries from USCIS regarding program requirements.

The EB-5 program's renewed commitment to compliance and transparency, fueled by the EB-5 Reform and Integrity Act of 2022, throws the spotlight on USCIS regional center site visits. While these in-person audits might seem like a recent development, they've been part of the program since 2018.

But what are USCIS Regional Center Site Visits? This question needs a clear explanation.

What are USCIS Regional Center Site Visits?

Imagine them as on-site inspections of EB-5 projects. The goal? To verify the legitimacy of business operations and identify potential red flags or compliance issues early on. These visits are mandatory, with USCIS giving at least 24 hours' notice before arriving.

Furthermore, USCIS conducts a thorough audit of each regional center every five years. This in-depth analysis delves into documentation and financial records, meticulously tracking the flow of immigrant investor capital into specific projects.


Regional centers are strongly encouraged to cooperate fully with EB-5 compliance audits. While a center may initially decline participation, USCIS will likely initiate further inquiries to ensure adherence to program requirements.

If a site inspection is underway and the regional center principal expresses reluctance to continue, USCIS will respectfully terminate the inspection. However, this doesn't mean the process ends there. The audit team will meticulously document all available data gathered up to that point and indicate in the final report that the site inspection was halted at the center's request.

It's crucial to note that declining participation or prematurely ending an inspection can raise concerns about transparency and potentially lead to:

  • Additional scrutiny from USCIS, including potential for more comprehensive audits or investigations.
  • Delays or complications in processing investor petitions associated with the regional center.
  • Reputational damage within the EB-5 community, potentially affecting investor confidence.

Therefore, regional centers are strongly advised to prioritize transparency and cooperation throughout the audit process to maintain program integrity and avoid potential setbacks.

USCIS Perspective About Regional Center Compliance Audits

USCIS paints a clear picture of their regional center compliance audits as a multi-pronged approach to:

  • Bolster EB-5 integrity
    Ensuring transparency and upholding program standards.
  • Verify application details
    Corroborating information provided by regional centers in their applications and annual certifications.
  • Guarantee program eligibility
    Confirming continued compliance with relevant laws and regulations safeguards regional center designation.

In simple terms, USCIS wants to ensure regional centers play by the rules, safeguard investor funds, and contribute to genuine economic growth. These site visits and audits are crucial tools in achieving this objective.

By demystifying the purpose and mechanics of USCIS regional center site visits, we gain a deeper understanding of their role in promoting a more robust and reliable EB-5 program.

How do USCIS Regional Center site visits enhance compliance and transparency in EB-5 immigrant investor programs?

The following points highlight how USCIS regional center site visits and audits contribute to compliance and transparency within the EB-5 program.

  1. USCIS site visits inspect projects on-site, verifying business legitimacy and detecting compliance issues early.
  2. 24-hour notice ensures transparency, allowing regional centers to prepare.
  3. Five-year audits delve deeper, reviewing financial records and investor capital flow.
  4. Audits corroborate application information, confirming regional centers follow program rules.
  5. Compliance verification safeguards investor funds and ensures economic growth goals are met.
  6. Enhanced transparency builds trust in the EB-5 program and attracts responsible investment.
  7. Early detection of irregularities minimizes fraud and protects investors' interests.
  8. Site visits and audits work together to ensure regional centers operate ethically and contribute to program integrity.
  9. Stronger compliance fosters a more robust and reliable EB-5 ecosystem for all.
  10. Through site visits and audits, USCIS promotes a transparent and responsible EB-5 program.

EB-5 Regional Center Audit Detailed Outlook

The United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) declared on March 20, 2017, its intention to initiate audits for EB-5 regional center compliance. To ensure compliance and transparency, the USICIS regional center has a complete procedure to follow, which is mentioned below.

Overview of EB-5 Regional Center Audits

The USCIS clarifies that regional center compliance audits aim to strengthen EB-5 integrity and validate information in regional center applications. It emphasizes collecting case-specific data as an integral part of the compliance audit.

Furthermore, the USCIS asserts that its compliance audits aim to confirm the accuracy of information submitted by designated regional centers in applications and annual certifications. This process extends to verifying adherence to relevant laws and authorities, ensuring ongoing eligibility for regional center designation.

EB5 Regional Center Compliance Audit Team Tasks

The USCIS explains that the audit team will perform the following tasks in completing an EB5 regional center compliance audit:

  • Review applications, certifications, and associated records;
  • Review public records and information on the regional center;
  • Verify the information, including supporting documents, submitted with the application(s) and in the annual certification(s);
  • Conduct site inspection;
  • Review and analyze documents; and
  • Interview personnel to confirm the information provided with the application(s) and annual certifications.

Preparing for EB5 Regional Center Compliance Audit

Documents to Submit Instructions
Information originally submitted with the application(s) or certification(s) and updates. Be prepared to provide any information initially submitted along with updates.
Information requested in the data request not previously provided Ensure timely submission of any information outlined in the data request that was not previously furnished.
  • Additional Requests
    The audit team may seek supplementary information to verify details provided by the regional center.
  • During Inspection
    Regional centers are advised to promptly supply any readily available documents requested by the audit team.
  • Post-Inspection
    After the inspection, regional centers should furnish any additional information requested by the audit team.
    Verify or update information as required in follow-up communications from the USCIS.

After the EB5 Regional Center Compliance Audit is Completed

Here are two options for rewriting the passage about the EB-5 regional center compliance audit report:

Option 1 (Concise and informative)

The post-audit report is a permanent record of the regional center's compliance with regulations. USCIS utilizes it to evaluate adherence to all relevant laws and authorities. If the audit reveals potential fraud, further investigation may be triggered.

Option 2 (More elaborate and impactful)

Following the audit, a comprehensive report becomes part of the regional center's permanent record. This document is critical to explaining EB-5 regional center due diligence, as USCIS meticulously examines it to assess the center's compliance with every applicable law and regulation. Should any red flags or hints of fraud be detected, USCIS will swiftly determine whether further, in-depth investigation is necessary.

Additionally, you may want to consider including

  • The timeframe for receiving the audit report after the audit is completed.
  • The potential consequences of non-compliance are identified in the report (e.g., sanctions suspension of visa approvals).
  • The importance of transparency and cooperation with USCIS during the audit process.


Paperfree provides comprehensive resources on the EB-5 program, including regulations, updates, and best practices. This can help EB-5 Investors stay informed and ensure compliance with current standards, potentially minimizing audit findings.


Subscribe to Paperfree Magazine

EB5 Visa Consultants by Paperfree EB5 Program

Get dedicated service, from finding the right information to complex investment challenges.

eb5 visa consultant


Real estate investment strategies

Add Content to Magazine